Afraegle paniculata

Fruits - one cut open to show the seeds and flesh  Photograph by:  Marco Schmidt

Fruits - one cut open to show the seeds and flesh
Photograph by: Marco Schmidt

NAME: Afraegle paniculata
FAMILY: Rutaceae
COMMON NAMES: Kokodi, Nigerian powder-flask fruit
LOCAL NAMES: Sanga, kalêdé, bukobabu
USEFUL PART(s): Leaves, bark, roots


  • The seed produce oil  that can be eaten
  • The leaves when cooked also serve as food
  • The wood of the plant is use to make household and domestic tools or items


  • Senegal
  • Nigeria


Afraegle paniculata medicinal values include:

  • Gastro-intestinal disorders
  • Antispasmodic
  • Skin diseases
  • Arthritis
  • Venereal diseases


  • The plant can serves as an ornament


  • Afraegle paniculata  is used as a rootstock for accession of bael fruit
  • The leaves are sometimes soften and added to the water used for bathing
  • Flowering period is from June to July and fruiting is from August to December.


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Aziz, S. S. S. A., Sukari, M. A., Rahmani, M., Kitajima, M., Aimi, N., & Ahpandi, N. J. (2010). Koumarin daripada Murraya Paniculata (Rutaceae). Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 14(1), 1–5.
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Okhuarobo, A., Ehizogie Falodun, J., Erharuyi, O., Imieje, V., Falodun, A., & Langer, P. (2014). Harnessing the medicinal properties of Andrographis paniculata for diseases and beyond: A review of its phytochemistry and pharmacology. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 4(3), 213–222.
Pant, N., Misra, H., & Jain, D. C. (2014). A xanthone glycoside from aerial parts of Swertia paniculata. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, 18(5), 551–554.
Premanath, R., & Nanjaiah, L. (2015). Antidiabetic and Antioxidant potential of Andrographis paniculata Nees. leaf ethanol extract in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 5(1), 069–076.
Sandborn, W. J., Targan, S. R., Byers, V. S., Rutty, D. A., Mu, H., Zhang, X., & Tang, T. (2013). Andrographis paniculata extract (HMPL-004) for active ulcerative colitis. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 108(1), 90–98.
Shi, J., Li, C. J., Yang, J. Z., Ma, J., Wang, C., Tang, J., … Zhang, D. M. (2014). Hepatoprotective coumarins and secoiridoids from Hydrangea paniculata. Fitoterapia, 96, 138–145.